TSA Requirements and Capabilities Analysis
Non-contact distance: at least two in from the surface being screened.
DHS Components: CBP, USBP, USCG, HIS, ICE, USSS, FPS, FLETC, CWMD, CISA, I&A
Key challenge areas include the following:
Customs and Border Protection Office of Field Operations
Opportunities for higher return on investment include patents and licenses and/or commercialization.
United States Coast Guard, Customs and Border Protection
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoSD) projects
Data sets are used at CISA and also by many academic and commercial researchers and developers.
CISA, CBP, FEMA, TSA, Civilian Federal Government, DoD
National Risk Management Center (NRMC)
Developed solutions should transition to federal and Homeland Security Enterprise end users.
Transition opportunities include DHS Components and partners in the homeland security enterprise.
S&Ts recently developed AWN program planning guidance:
Projects in support of this topic will empower FEMA to (1) increase the number of SLTT alerting authorities using the IPAWS system, and following its requirements; (2) support alert originator education and guidance on best practices for modern and accessible AWN to enhance emergency messaging; and (3) address ad-hoc public alerting procedures and processes to support standardized local, regional, or national AWN planning.
A technology that improves PNT resilience, is likely to be adopted by critical infrastructure PNT end-users, and has a path to transition and/or commercialization.
DHS Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) - National Risk Management Center - is interested in developing these technologies for use in Critical Infrastructure
Position, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) data services are critical to the operations of multiple critical infrastructure sectors, such as communication and transportation. As the Nation's critical infrastructure assets, networks, and systems have become much more interdependent across vast regions, crossing jurisdictional/national boundaries and time zones, the need for accurate and precise PNT services is vital to the continued functioning of infrastructure. The 16 critical infrastructure sectors' increased dependency on timing services leaves them potentially vulnerable to disruption; the potential severity of impacts and possible cascading effects from denial of timing services has not been fully explored.
National Security Presidential Directive-39 (NSPD-39: 2004) requires DHS to develop backup capabilities to mitigate Global Positioning System (GPS) disruptions in coordination with the Department of Transportation, and "identify space-based positioning, navigation, and timing requirements for homeland security purposes to the Secretary of Transportation, and coordinate the use of positioning, navigation, and timing capabilities and backup systems for homeland security purposes by Federal, State, and local governments and authorities."
DHS CISA National Risk Management Center has identified the need for resilient PNT as a key programmatic goal. This work will initially focus on the timing portion of PNT services used throughout critical infrastructure. In 2019, CISA identified "Provide Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Services" as one of the National Critical Functions.
Opportunities for higher return on investment include patents and licenses and/or commercialization.
By providing a low-cost device that interfaces wirelessly with modern smartphones, low bandwidth data including position location information (PLI), text messages and other customer-provided payloads can be transmitted and received by DHS users in remote environments that do not have commercial infrastructure like cell towers. This effort will enable tactical air, land, and maritime information sharing to provide agent safety and increase agent situational awareness.
CBP, DNDO, FEMA, ICE, USCG, USSS
DHS S&T is looking for low-cost communication devices with the following characteristics:
Investment in this technology supports many tactical users within DHS components and will provide real-time situational awareness and sharing of timely and actionable information in support of law enforcement operations across our air, land, and maritime borders. This capability could also be used by the public sector for secure, mobile, low-cost communications without reliance on commercial infrastructure or in locations where commercial infrastructure is not available, or where it has been degraded due to natural disasters.
Designing robust metrics requires analysis of foreign influence along several dimensions, including both the physical and cyber. Given that much human activity today has both physical and cyber footprints, detecting bad activity would be harder if one focuses on one of the other only. Infrastructure Protection (IP) theft for example, typically involves both.
These metrics would be used to identify the most effective methods for building national resilience to foreign influence operations. The information would be used to design and implement programs and communications to mitigate the risk of foreign influence operations. This is particularly important to DHS' emphasis on building National resilience through public awareness and education. Messaging, tactics, target audience, and outreach can all be guided by these metrics and methodology.
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), National Risk Management Center (NRMC) in support of the DHS Countering foreign influence subcommittee
Design an easily implemented methodology to measure the impact of foreign influence operations and the effectiveness of resilience building activities to mitigate the risk. Foreign influence can take on many different forms manifesting into the physical and cyber world, yet no methodology yet exists to identify foreign activities that specifically try to influence domestic population and economy.
Potential to benefit DHS and all The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) Departments and Agencies members including: Department of the Treasury, Department of Justice, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of State, Department of Energy, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, Office of Science & Technology Policy
Any or all of the following:
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) - National Risk Management Center, public and private sector owners, operators of critical infrastructure and manufacturers, distributors
DHS recently released its "Strategy for Protecting and Preparing the Homeland Against Threats of Electromagnetic Pulse and Geomagnetic Disturbances" (as required in 6 USC 121(d)) that defines a vision where the United States is prepared for extreme electromagnetic incidents and capable of quickly restoring critical infrastructure and supporting communities to fully recover. This strategy is aligned with the statutory direction to the Department in 6 USC 195(f) that current efforts must take further action to mitigate the impact of EMP and GMD on critical infrastructure. Action includes completing objective scientific analyses, identifying critical utilities and national security assets and infrastructure that are at risk from threats of EMP and GMD, and analysis of technology options available to improve the resiliency of critical infrastructure to threats of EMP and GMD.
Both GMD and EMP are low probability/high consequence scenarios that challenge effective policymaking. Science and technology advancements in the following topic areas will clarify our understanding the threat and impacts and improve our ability to mitigate the consequences.
Additional Transition Customers: retailers of energy system (i.e., electrical grid and natural gas and petroleum pipelines), communications, water and wastewater systems, and transportation equipment.https://www.dhs.gov/publication/protecting-and-preparing-homeland-against-threats-electromagnetic-pulse-and-geomagnetic
The successful demonstration of data interoperability and integration of cloud based solutions to support multi-agency dispatching, information sharing, and incident management. Solutions will result in enhanced functions for call taking, dispatch, resource management, situational awareness, intelligent data analytics, sensor integration, alerting, and provide common operating intelligence to streamline and expedite decisions while reducing response time and improving responder awareness and safety.
State and Local First Responder Agencies
I. Although NGFR's primary focus was on-body sensor devices, integrated situational awareness platforms that could give leadership a view of the incident scene provided first responders with the most operational impact II. During all NGFR integration experiments, edge device sensors pushed data through an intermediary broker in order to reach participating situational awareness platforms III. One Situational awareness platform that can provide cross agency interoperable functionality will allow all responders to focus on one system instead of many
Investment in this technology supports many tactical users within DHS components and the public safety community. The resulting solutions, models, and practices will provide a roadmap for agencies nationwide and across all levels of government to migrate from legacy systems to next-generation, secure, interoperable, integrated solutions while lowering operating costs and initial investments.
The end objective is to achieve a very resilient public safety Cad-to-Cad ecosystem that is very efficient, interoperable, and supports multi-discipline response to regional, multistate, or national events.
Leveraging a national system, such as the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System (NLETS) should be considered.
Cad-to-Cad communications is key to interoperability and resilience between government agencies responding to emergencies. Public safety agencies have different CAD systems causing ineffective and costly interoperable communications. These systems in most cases do not efficiently share information during unified responses that include many public safety (Fire/Law Enforcement/EMS) disciplines. Advances in technology have nonetheless transformed challenges into opportunities and S&T can take this National interoperable need and provide leadership to develop a viable solution.
The seamless exchange of data that is technology agnostic and without geographic or agency response area boundaries is a core element of interoperability in the public safety environment. The costs savings and resiliency improvements that the Nation can achieve can be very substantial. The Government can also provide procurement language, implementation guidance documentation, outreach, and communications to facilitate understanding of issues, recommendations, and opportunities.
A phased approach to achieve the end objective shall be established. Phase-I with TRLs 1 to 3 can be achieved through the items outlined on the topic description. Upon completion of Phase-I, research recommendations to the Government, public safety organizations and/or committees on actions and key steps that need to be taken should be provided in a comprehensive report. Phase-II shall look to achieve TRLs 4 to 7 extrapolating the best of ongoing or completed pilots in the recent past and use Phase-I findings. In addition, implement operational pilots and proofs of concepts based on Phase-I findings and new technology opportunities. Phase-III should layout a standard baseline for TRL 8 to 9 that would be scalable, duplicable, cost effective and commercially available.
|1||Basic principles observed and reported.|
|2||Technology concept and/or application formulated.|
|3||Analytical and experimental critical function and/or characteristic proof-of-concept.|
|4||Component and/or breadboard validation in laboratory environment.|
|5||Component and/or breadboard validation in relevant environment.|
|6||System/subsystem model or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment.|
|7||System prototype demonstration in an operational environment.|
|8||Actual system completed and qualified through test and demonstration.|
|9||Actual system proven through successful mission operations.|
At the conclusion of this project, we envision a standard's-based system that is scalable, duplicable, and ready to be commercialized.National Capital Region - Communications Infrastructure
Planning tools and templates, trainings, architectures, and technologies to enhance community preparation, resilience, response, and recovery through new and novel application(s) of all-hazards mitigation strategies
First Responders, FEMA, CISA
For years, S&T has supported first responders in enhancing information-sharing and technology integration to improve community resilience. All efforts align to S&T's key mission areas in managing incidents and foster stakeholders' increased situational awareness, communications, and risk assessment and planning. Specific initiatives include:
The DHS S&T Social Media Emergency Management (SMEM) Guidance Tool - The DHS S&T SMEM Guidance tool provides emergency managers and public information officers with a simple, step-by-step line of questioning to create plans to improve their organization's SMEM operations.
Virtual Social Media Working Group (VSMWG) - The VSMWG provides recommendations to the emergency preparedness and response community on the safe and sustainable use of social media technologies before, during and after emergencies.
Smart Cities - Smart cities efforts range from piloting innovative new edge network devices, integration platforms, developing system architectures, and crafting best practices and lessons learned from rigorous scientific experimentation.
Projects in support of this topic will further DHS S&T's role as a force multiplier to its component customers. Successful technology integration and implementation will facilitate smooth transition to component customers through a variety of means. To FEMA the focus on community resilience is in alignment with their foundational strategy, and the fitment to their requirements ensures topical relevance to their needs. To first responders, developing capabilities and tools to serve their communities gives them enhanced planning, response, and recovery options not currently available.
National Capital Region - Communications Infrastructure